Sexually transmitted infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Anyone who is sexually active can catch an STI. Medical treatment may cure STIs or relieve symptoms. Use condoms to reduce your risk.
In Australia, the availability and success of antiretroviral treatments has meant that acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related mortality is increasingly uncommon. However, HIV/AIDS patients, in living longer, have increasingly more complex health problems. This is due to the treatment side effects and the psychosocial effects of living with a debilitating illness and with associated issues of poverty, social isolation and mental health.