Social housing is an umbrella term that includes both public housing and community housing. It generally indicates housing that involves some degree of subsidy.
Public housing is housing owned and managed by Homes Victoria. The government provides public housing to eligible Victorians including people who are unemployed, on low incomes, live with a disability or a mental illness, or who are at risk of homelessness.
Facts about public housing in Victoria
- There are 63,871 dwellings in areas across Victoria, with the top five locations being Richmond, Reservoir, Carlton, Flemington and Norlane
- There are 116,351 people in 61,489 public housing tenancies (Nov 2020)
- There's an average of 1.9 people per household
- The average age of residents is 41 and the oldest is 110 years. Just under 30,000 residents are under 18 years of age
- 57 per cent of residents are female and 43 per cent male
- 4.43 per cent of residents are Aboriginal
- Residents come from 114 countries across the world. After those born in Australia, the top five countries of birth are Vietnam, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan and China.
Affordable housing is a broad term describing housing suitable for the needs of a range of low to moderate income households and priced (whether bought or rented) so these households can meet their other essential living costs.
Community housing is housing owned or managed by community housing providers. The community housing sector and government work in partnership to deliver more housing to more Victorians who need support. Community housing providers are highly regulated, not-for-profit organisations that specialise in housing the diverse range of tenants that require both public and affordable homes. Because of their not-for profit structure they can deliver services cost effectively and to high standards.
Reviewed 15 November 2020