Key roles in infrastructure development

All three levels of government are involved in planning, funding and delivering infrastructure. The private sector and the community sector also have important roles to play.


The Victorian Government is the primary provider of public infrastructure in Victoria, through planning, funding and delivering projects. The government is also responsible for selection of infrastructure projects, decision-making on investments and setting the legal, policy and regulatory mechanisms that guide infrastructure development. This includes ensuring community values are protected, while creating a positive investment environment for the private and community sectors.

The Victorian Government’s role in planning, funding and providing infrastructure safeguards equitable access, delivers on community expectations and helps to overcome market failures, to keep all parts of Victoria connected. The Victorian Government’s role allows it to respond to the needs, challenges and priorities that are unique to Victoria.

Key areas of delivery and policy responsibility include: ports, public transport, railway, roads, water supply and sewerage, education, health, justice, housing, sporting and cultural facilities. The sheer scale of Victoria’s infrastructure needs means that a partnership approach is required between the Victorian Government, other levels of government, and the private and community sectors.


Local government plays a key role in the delivery and maintenance of infrastructure, particularly for local roads, wastewater services and community, sports and recreation facilities.

Local governments generally rely on investment from state and federal governments for major infrastructure works.


Responsibility for infrastructure provision is primarily held by state, territory and local government, and the private sector. However, the Commonwealth Government has a role in influencing infrastructure decisions, through the provision of payments to states, territories and local governments. The Commonwealth Government plays a lead role in delivering communications infrastructure, such as the National Broadband Network. The Commonwealth is also responsible for delivering and managing national roads, major airports and aviation services.

Private sector

The private sector is involved in infrastructure development in an expanding number of ways, including the financing, construction and operation of infrastructure. In Victoria, the important private sector role flows from our status as a world leader in the delivery of privately financed infrastructure. As an early adopter of public private partnerships (PPPs), the Victorian Government continues to evolve the PPP model by fostering innovation and encouraging industry development. Victoria presently has over 27 PPPs, worth around $12.7 billion in capital investment. These cover road and rail projects, as well as hospitals, schools and prisons.

Community sector

The community sector plays a key role in delivering and managing social infrastructure in Victoria, including housing, health and education facilities.

Both the community and private sectors also use Victorian Government investment in infrastructure to create employment pathways for apprentices and trainees, and disadvantaged Victorians in the labour market.