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Wage theft fact sheet

On 1 July 2021, it became a criminal offence for an employer in Victoria to deliberately and dishonestly underpay employees or withhold employee entitlements.

What is wage theft?

On 1 July 2021, it became a crime for an employer in Victoria to:

  • deliberately and dishonestly underpay employees
  • deliberately and dishonestly withhold wages or other employee entitlements
  • falsify employee entitlement records to gain a financial advantage
  • avoid keeping employee entitlement records to gain a financial advantage

These crimes are punishable by a fine of around $200,000 or up to 10 years’ jail for individuals and a fine of more than $1 million for companies.

Victoria’s wage theft laws target employers who deliberately and dishonestly withhold wages and other worker entitlements.

Honest mistakes made by employers who exercise due diligence in paying wages and entitlements are not considered wage theft.

Wage Inspectorate Victoria

Wage Inspectorate Victoria is an independent body that will promote and enforce Victoria’s:

  • wage theft laws
  • child employment laws
  • long service leave entitlements
  • owner driver, forestry contractor, hirer and freight broker obligations

At the Wage Inspectorate our role under Victoria’s wage theft laws is to:

  • inform, educate and assist businesses and workers about their rights and obligations
  • investigate wage theft and prosecute offenders
  • respond to reports and tip-offs about wage theft.
  • We only investigate matters that occurred in Victoria or have a link to Victoria

Independent investigations

We conduct independent, impartial and transparent investigations to determine whether we believe wage theft offences have been committed. Our inspectors will:

  • clearly explain the allegation made against a business
  • provide the business with an opportunity to respond to the allegations
  • ask questions about the matter
  • ask for documents or other relevant information

We will let businesses know the outcome of an investigation, if appropriate.

Strong powers

Our inspectors have strong powers that they can use to investigate potential wage theft offences, including the power to:

  • enter premises
  • obtain information and documents
  • seize evidence
  • require a person to give evidence or answer questions under oath or affirmation
  • apply for and execute search warrants

Many of these powers are coercive, meaning people must cooperate with requests made, unless they have a reasonable excuse for not doing so.

Proportionate responses

If we believe a wage theft offence has been committed, we may:

  • issue a formal written warning
  • accept an enforceable undertaking
  • bring criminal proceedings
  • refer indictable matters to the Office of Public Prosecutions for advice and criminal prosecution

Reviewed 29 August 2021

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