Gender inequality across the life cycle


Gender stereotypes and norms start shaping children's sense of self and impact on young lives immediately.

On average, girls receive 11% less pocket money than boys.

Children quickly define jobs and activities as specific to boys or girls.

Boys receive 8 times more attention in the classroom  than girls.

Young people

Behaviours, study choices, ambitions and views about relationships are all affected by gender norms.

Young girls are less likely to participate in organised sport.

Girls are more likely to opt out of intensive maths subjects in the final years of school.

1 in 3 Australian women over 15 has experienced physical violence.


More women than men graduate from higher learning but get a lower than average graduate salary.

Victorian women now earn 87.6 cents to every dollar earned by men.

1 in every 2 mothers experience discrimination during pregnancy, on parental leave or when returning to work.

Victorian women also undertake nearly twice as much unpaid work as men.

Older people

The cumulative effects of the gender pay gap and fewer employment opportunities mean that women retire with just half the superannuation savings of men.

This impacts on women's financial security, health and wellbeing, with more older women at risk of homelessness.