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Note 6: Risks, contingencies and valuation judgements

Notes to the financial statements for the period ended 30 June 2019.

Introduction

The Authority is exposed to risks from both its activities and external factors. In addition, it is often necessary to make judgements and estimates associated with recognition and measurement of items in the financial statements.

This section presents information on the Authority’s financial instruments, contingent assets and liabilities.

Structure

  • 6.1 Financial instruments specific disclosures
    • 6.1.1 Financial instruments: categorisation
    • 6.1.2 Financial risk management objectives and policies
  • 6.2 Contingent assets and contingent liabilities

6.1 Financial instruments specific disclosures

Introduction

Financial instruments arise out of contractual agreements that give rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Categories of financial instruments

The principal financial instruments comprise of payables (excluding statutory payables).

Financial liabilities are initially recognised on the date they are originated. They are initially measured at fair value plus any directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, these financial instruments are measured at amortised cost with any difference between the initial recognised amount and the redemption value being recognised in profit and loss over the period of the interest bearing liability, using the effective interest rate method. The Authority recognises the following liabilities in this category:

  • Payables (excluding statutory payables).

Impairment of financial assets

The Authority assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. All financial assets, except those measured at fair value through profit and loss, are subject to annual review for impairment.

In assessing impairment of statutory (non-contractual) financial assets which are not financial instruments, the Authority applies professional judgement in assessing materiality using estimates, averages and other computational methods in accordance with AASB 136 Impairment of Assets.

6.1.1 Financial instruments: categorisation

The carrying amounts of the contractual financial assets and financial liabilities by category are disclosed below:

2018-2019 Contractual financial
assets – receivables
and cash
($’000)
Contractual financial
liabilities – at
amortised cost
($’000)
Total
($’000)
Contractual financial liabilities
Payables
Trade payables(i) - 160 160
Total contractual financial liabilities - 160 160

(i) The total amounts disclosed exclude statutory payables.

6.1.2 Financial risk management objectives and policies

The activities of the Authority expose it to a variety of financial risks, market risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. This note presents information about the Authority’s exposure to each of these risks, and the objectives, policies and processes for measuring and managing risk.

The Governing Board of the Authority has the overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the risk management framework. The overall risk management program seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the financial performance of the Authority. The Authority uses different methods to measure different types of risk to which it is exposed. These methods include sensitivity analysis in the case of interest rate, other price risks and ageing analysis for credit.

Risk management is carried out by the Authority’s management under policies approved by the Governing Board of the Authority. The Governing Board provides written principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas, such as foreign exchange risk, interest rate risks, credit risk and non-derivative financial instruments, and investment of excess liquidity.

The main risks that the Authority is exposed to through its financial instruments are as follows:

(a) Market risk

Market risk is the risk that changes in market prices will affect the fair value or future cash flows of the Authority’s financial instruments. Market risk comprises of foreign exchange risk, interest rate risk and other price risk. The Authority’s exposure to market risk is primarily through interest rate risk. There is insignificant exposure to foreign exchange risk and other price risk.

Objectives, policies and processes used to manage these risks are disclosed in the paragraphs below:

(i) Interest rate risk

The Authority has minimal exposure to interest rate risk through its holding of other financial assets.

(ii) Other price risk

The Authority has no significant exposure to other price risk.

(b) Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Authority as a result of a customer or counterparty to a financial instrument failing to meet its contractual obligations. Credit risk arises principally from receivables.

The Portable Long Service Benefits Scheme commenced on 1 July 2019, therefore currently has no exposure to credit risk from receivables. From 1 July 2019, the Authority will minimise concentrations of credit risk by undertaking transactions with a large number of customers who must pay a levy for eligible workers for long service leave in the contract cleaning, security and community services industries. The Authority will therefore not be materially exposed to any individual customer.

(c) Liquidity risk

Liquidity Risk is the risk that the Authority will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. The Authority’s policy is to settle financial obligations within 30 days and in the event of a dispute make payments within 30 days from the date of resolution.

The Authority manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves of cash and by continuously monitoring actual cash flows against forecast cash flows of the Authority.

Interest rate exposure of financial instruments

Fair value interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Authority does not hold any interest bearing financial instruments that are measured at fair value, and therefore has no exposure to fair value interest rate risk.

6.2 Contingent assets and contingent liabilities

Contingent assets and contingent liabilities are not recognised in the Balance Sheet, but are disclosed by way of this note and, if quantifiable, are measured at nominal value. Contingent assets and liabilities are presented inclusive of GST receivable or payable respectively.

There were no material contingent assets or liabilities at 30 June 2019.

Reviewed 28 October 2019

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