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How to address royalty and officials

This page provides guidance on the correct forms of address when writing to, referring to or meeting a member of the royal family, a government official, diplomatic and consular corps and religious leaders.

How to address members of the British royal family and their representatives

Title How referred to Salutation in correspondence How to address in person
The Queen Her Majesty The Queen Check the royal.uk website On presentation 'Your Majesty' and subsequently 'Ma’am'
Check this royal.uk page
A Royal Duke His Royal Highness The Duke of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Sir'
A Prince His Royal Highness Prince [first name] of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Sir'
A Princess Her Royal Highness Princess [first name] of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Ma’am'
A Royal Duchess Her Royal Highness The Duchess of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Ma’am'
A Royal Earl His Royal Highness The Prince [first name], Earl of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Sir'
A Royal Countess Her Royal Highness The Countess of … Your Royal Highness On presentation 'Your Royal Highness' and subsequently 'Ma’am'
Governor-General His Excellency the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia (or check the Governor-General's website) See the Governor-General's website First and last meeting each day 'Your Excellency' otherwise 'Governor-General' or 'Sir'
Governor of State Check the Governor of Victoria's website Your Excellency Check the Governor of Victoria's website
Spouse of State Governor Check the Governor of Victoria's website Dear Mr/Mrs … Check the Governor of Victoria's website
Administrator of a Territory See the NT Administrator's website See the NT Administrator's website See the NT Administrator's website
Spouse of an Administrator of a Territory Mr/Mrs … Mr/Mrs … See the NT Administrator's website

How to address members of the British and Australian nobility

Title How referred to Salutation in correspondence How to address in person
Duke The Duke of … My Lord Duke ‘Your Grace’
Duchess The Duchess of … Dear Duchess ‘Your Grace’
Marquess The Marquess of … Dear Lord … Lord …
Marchioness The Marchioness of … Dear Lady … Lady …
Earl The Earl of … Dear Lord … Lord …
Countess The Countess of … Dear Lady … Lady …
Viscount The Viscount … Dear Lord … Lord …
Viscountess The Viscountess of … Dear Lady … Lady …
Baron Lord … Dear Lord … Lord …
Baroness Lady … Dear Lady … Lady …
Baronet Sir [first name] [last name] Dear Sir [first name] Sir [first name] or ‘Sir’
Wife of Baronet Lady [last name] Dear Lady [last name] Lady [last name]
Knight Sir [first name] [last name] Dear Sir [first name] Sir [first name] or ‘Sir’
Wife of Knight Lady [last name] Dear Lady [last name] Lady [last name]
Dame Dame [first name] [last name] Dear Dame [first name] Dame [first name] or ‘Ma’am’

How to address government officials

Title How referred to Salutation in correspondence How to address in person
Prime Minister The Honourable [first name] [last name], Prime Minister of [country] See the Parliament of Australia website See the Parliament of Australia website
Premier of State The Honourable [first name] [last name], Premier of [state] Dear Premier ‘Premier’ or ‘Mr/Mrs/Ms…….’
Members of the Parliament of Australia

See the Parliament of Australia website

See the Parliament of Australia website

See the Parliament of Australia website

Members of the State Parliament of Victoria If a current or former Minister: ‘The Honourable …’
Others ‘Mr/Mrs/Ms …’
https://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/about/people-in-parliament/addressing-members If a current Minister ‘Minister …’ or ‘Mr/Mrs/Ms …’
Others ‘Mr/Mrs/Ms …’
High Court Judge The Honourable … See the High Court website

See the High Court website

Supreme Court Judge The Honourable Justice … Dear Justice In court ‘Your Honour’
Outside court ‘Justice [last name]
Judge of the County Court His/Her Honour Judge [last name] Dear Judge [last name] In court ‘Your Honour’
Outside court ‘Justice [last name]
Lord Mayor The Right Honourable The Lord Mayor of [city], [first name] [last name] Dear Lord Mayor ‘Lord Mayor’
Wife of Lord Mayor The Lady Mayoress of [city] [first name] [last name] Dear Lady Mayoress ‘Lady Mayoress’
Mayor, if a man The Mayor of … Dear Mr Mayor ‘Mr Mayor’ or ‘Sir’
Wife of Mayor The Lady Mayoress of … Dear Lady Mayoress ‘Mayoress’ or ‘Mrs [last name]’
Mayor, if a woman The Mayoress Dear Madam Mayoress ‘Madam Mayor’
Husband of a Mayor Mr … Dear Mr … ‘Mr …’
Municipal Councillor Councillor … Dear Councillor ‘Councillor [last name]’

How to address diplomatic and consular corps

Title How referred to Salutation in correspondence How to address in person
Ambassador His/Her Excellency the Ambassador of … Your Excellency ‘Your Excellency’, ‘Mr/Madam Ambassador’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’
High Commissioner His/Her Excellency the High Commissioner for … Your Excellency ‘Your Excellency’, ‘Mr/Madam High Commissioner’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’
Career Consuls-General The Consul-General of … Dear Consul-General ‘Consul-General’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’
Honorary Consuls-General The Consul-General of … Dear Consul-General ‘Consul-General’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’
Career Consuls The Consul of … Dear Consul ‘Consul’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’
Honorary Consuls The Consul of … Dear Consul ‘Consul’ or ‘Sir’ or ‘Mrs/Ms’

How to address religious leaders

Title How referred to Salutation in correspondence How to address in person
Archbishop (Church of England)

The Most Reverend the Archbishop of Melbourne

Dear Archbishop 

‘Your Grace’

Archbishop (Roman Catholic) The Most Reverend the Archbishop of Melbourne My Lord Archbishop ‘Your Grace’
Bishop (Church of England)

The Right Reverend the Bishop of …

Dear Bishop

‘Bishop…’

Bishop (Roman Catholic) The Most Reverend … My Lord ‘My Lord’
Dean Church of England: The Very Reverend the Dean of … Dear Dean ‘Dean Jones’ or ‘Dean’

Reviewed 03 April 2019

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